(Gal 5:11; 1 Cor. 1:18)

A suffering Messiah was foreign to Jewish thinking. To be “hanged on a tree” was a curse by Jewish law (Deut. 21:23).

Sought for signs — the dramatic, sensational, astonishing. The cross was a humiliating form of death; offended their sensibilities.

The cross brought an end to the law (Rom. 10:4); Jewish religious heritage ran deep; the cross represented a way of life that has ended.

The cross is universal; the Jews were the “elect,” chosen people to the exclusion of all others.

Greek concept of God; “the total inability to feel.” A God who suffered was a contradiction.

Greek concept of Wisdom; took pride in oratory and rhetoric; the message of the cross was “not with enticing words of wisdom.”

Power of the cross — “if any man is in Christ, he is a new creature.”

Permanence of the cross — “this Jesus did once for all.”

Priority of the cross — “you must be born again.”

Provision of the cross — “whoever believes on Him.”